A Poet’s Toolkit :: A Brief Glossary Of Poetic Terms By B. Sharise

Alliteration:
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
Assonance:
the repetition of vowel sounds at the beginning of words
Figurative Language:
Language that is not meant to be taken literally
Hyperbole:
an exaggeration
Imagery:
the use of descriptive words or phrases that re-create sensory experiences for the reader.
Metaphor:
a comparison between two things without using the words like or as
Onomatopoeia:
the use of words whose sounds echo their meanings
Personification:
giving human qualities to inanimate objects or ideas
Repetition:
technique in which a sound, word, phrase, or line is repeated for emphasis or unity
Rhyme:
the occurrence of similar or identical sounds at the end of two or more words
Rhythm:
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
Simile:
a comparison using like or as